**WARNING! GRAPHIC CONTENT!**
It is estimated that at least 100 million animals are used every year in the multibillion dollar research industry that includes university, pharmaceutical and diagnostic laboratories, and military, agricultural and marine mammal facilities. But because the most commonly used animals – rats, mice, and birds – are not counted, the exact number is not known.
Animals are used in experiments as “in vivo models “– living, intact biological systems – and as sources of tissues, cells, and organs. Animal experimentation is defended as a way to understand and treat human disease, but animals are also used in what is called basic research, touted to increase our knowledge of the way organisms behave, develop and function biologically.
The scope of animal use in science today includes virtually every field of investigation, including:
As models for human diseases in medical research and drug development.
In psychological and behavioral research, such as addiction studies and maternal deprivation experiments.
For “spare parts” such as heart valves, this may be harvested from a human donor or recovered from a cow or pig as a by-product of the slaughter industry.
As living incubators to produce substances such as insulin (although biosynthetic insulin has largely replaced the use of animal insulin) and monoclonal antibodies employed in medicine and biomedical research.
For military training, weapons development and to study the effects of space exploration.
In veterinary medicine, to study the diseases or conditions common to a given species.
To study basic anatomy and physiological principles.
To test scientific theories and principles, or simply to gain knowledge often with no specific application in mind.
What is vivisection? Vivisection is the act or practice of cutting into or otherwise injuring living animals, especially for the purpose of scientific research; the act or practice of performing experiments on living animals, involving cutting into or dissecting the body, usually without anesthesia, to measure physiological or psychological effects; operation on a living animal for experimental rather than healing purposes.
Vivisection is also very lucrative. Its respected place in modern medicine results in secure financial support, which is often a large component of a university’s budget. Many medical centers receive tens of millions of dollars annually in direct grants for animal research, and tens of millions more for overhead costs that are supposedly related to that research. These medical centers depend on this money for much of their administrative costs, construction, and building maintenance, so they lie to themselves and the general public by praising it in the media and declaring that animals rarely suffer in laboratories.
THIS IS THE TRUE PICTURE OF VIVSECTION!
I abhor vivisection
If you have any doubt about how ethical this is, please go back and look at each picture again, and remember that animal research has been shown to be useless when it comes to humans.